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Grotowski's Idea about Theater

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What are the speakers mainly discussing?
  • A. A play by Grotowski that was discussed in class

  • B. A proposal that the student has for an assignment

  • C. A play that is currently being performed at the university

  • D. The main phases in Grotowski’s career as a director

显示答案 正确答案: B

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    NARRATOR:Listen to a conversation between a student and a theater professor.

    MALE STUDENT:Hi, Professor Jones.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Hey, didn't I see you at the performance of Crimes of the Heart last night?

    MALE STUDENT:Yeah... actually my roommate had a small part in it.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Really? I was impressed with the performance- there sure are some talented people here!What did you think?

    MALE STUDENT:[was not impressed with the play or the acting performances] You know, Beth Henley's an OK playwright; she's written some decent stuff, but... it was a little too traditional, a little too ordinary... especially considering the research I'm doing.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Oh, what's that?

    MALE STUDENT:On the Polish theater director Jerzy Grotowski.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Grotowski, yeah, that's a little out of the mainstream,pretty experimental.

    MALE STUDENT:That's what I wanted to talk to you about. I had a question about our essay and presentation.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:OK...

    MALE STUDENT:Yeah, some of these ideas, uh, Grotowski's ideas, are really hard to understand,they're very abstract,philosophical-and,well, I thought the class would get more out of it if I acted out some of it to demonstrate.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Interesting idea,and what happens to the essay?

    MALE STUDENT:Well, I'll do the best I can with that, but supplement it with the performance-you know, bring it to life.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:All right... but what exactly are we talking about here?Grotowski, as I'm sure you know, had several phases in his career.

    MALE STUDENT:Right. Well, I'm mainly interested in his idea from the late 1960s... Poor theater, you know, a reaction against a lot of props, lights, fancy costumes, and all that...so, it'd be good for the classroom.I wouldn't need anything special.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Yes. I'm sure a lot of your classmates are unfamiliar with Grotowski- this would be good for them.

    MALE STUDENT:Right, and this leads... I think there's overlap between his Poor theater phase and another phase of his,when he was concerned with the relationship between performers and the audience.I also want to read more and write about that.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:You know, I saw a performance several years ago...it really threw me for a loop.You know, you're used to just watching a play, sitting back...but this performance, borrowing Grotowski's principles, was really confrontational-a little uncomfortable.The actors looked right in our eyes, even moved us around, involved us in the action.

    MALE STUDENT:Yeah, I hope I can do the same when I perform for the class.I'm a bit worried, since the acting is so physical, that there's so much physical preparation involved.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Well, some actors spend their whole lives working on this...so don't expect to get very far in a few weeks...but I'm sure you can bring a couple of points across.And, if you need some extra class time, let me know.

    MALE STUDENT:No, I think I can fit it into the regular time for the presentation.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:OK. I think this'll provide for some good discussion about these ideas, and other aspects of the audience and their relationship to theatrical productions.

  • 旁白:请听一段学生和戏剧学教授之间的对话。

    学生:嗨,Johns教授。

    教授:嘿,我好像在昨天的罪恶之心的演出上看到你了?

    学生:是的。实际上是我舍友在其中演了一个角色。

    教授:真的吗?那场演出很是惊艳了我,的确有一些很有才华的人。你觉得呢?

    学生:你知道,Beth Henley是一个还可以的剧组家,她写了一些非常好的东西,但是就是有点太过传统了,一点太过平常了,尤其是鉴于我正在做的研究。

    教授:哦,那是什么?

    学生:是一个关于波兰剧导演Jerzy Grotowski的研究。

    教授:Grotowski。他是有一点背离主流戏剧的特点,很具有实验性。

    学生:这就是我想跟您说的。我有一个关于我们的论文和演讲的问题。

    教授:问吧。

    学生:好的。.呃,Grotowski的一些观点真的很难理解,非常抽象,很有哲理性,并且我觉得如果我通过演出他的戏剧来阐释它,我的同学可能更能理解。

    教授:很有趣的主意,那论文呢?

    学生:好吧,我会尽全力写论文,另外再通过演出来补充,你知道,让戏剧栩栩如生。

    教授:好的。但是我们现在在谈什么呢?Grotowski,我肯定你是知道的,他的职业生涯可以被分成几个阶段。

    学生:我主要是对于他20世纪60年代晚期的思想感兴趣:极简剧院,你知道,这就是一个反对使用太多道具、灯光、华丽服装的运动,所以这个对于我们要在教室里的演出很有用。我不需要什么特别的东西。

    教授:是的。我确信你的很多同学对于Grotowski并不熟悉,这对于他们来说很好。

    学生:是的,这就会导致……我认为他的极简剧院时期和其他的时期有重叠,在他考虑到表演者和观众的关系的时候。我也想对于这个多读一些材料,多写一些文章。

    教授:你知道,我几年前看过一场表演,真的很成功。你知道,我们已经习惯了单纯地看剧,坐在后排,但是这场演出,采用了Grotowski的原则,变成了带有一点对抗性的,稍微有一点让人不舒服。演员会直接直视观众的眼睛,甚至在我们周围走动,把我们也卷入表演中。

    学生:是的。我希望我可以在给班级同学表演的时候也做到这样。我有一点担心,因为这场表演身体动作很多,所以有太多的准备。

    教授:一些演员甚至花费一生来研究这种戏剧,所以不要期待在短短几周之内获得大的进展,但是我确信你还是可以发现一些的。如果你需要延长课程时间的话,就告诉我。

    学生:不用。我觉得我可以在规定时间里完成。

    教授:好的。我认为这个表演可以引发关于这些理念很好的讨论,观众及其与戏剧的关系的讨论。

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    音频定位:

    FEMALE PROFESSORGrotowski, yeah, that’s a little out of the mainstream… pretty experimental.

    MALE STUDENTThat’s what I wanted to talk to you about. I had a question about our essay and presentation.

    MALE STUDENTYeah, some of these ideas, uh, Grotowski’s ideas, are really hard to understand—they’re very abstract, philosophical—and, well, I thought the class would get more out of it if I acted out some of it to demonstrate.

    选项分析:

    男学生觉得Grotowski的观点比较难理解他觉得如果能给同学表演出来会好一些

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