Official 47 Set 1

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Background Knowledge of a Concert

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  • Q1
  • Q2
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  • Q4
  • Q5
Why does the student go to the woman’s office?
  • A. To schedule an audition to join an orchestra.

  • B. To ask a question about a music class he is taking.

  • C. To get information for an article he is writing.

  • D. To ask a question about a lecture the woman gave.

显示答案 正确答案: C

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    NARRATOR:Listen to a conversation between a student and a music director.

    MALE STUDENT:Miss Harper?

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Yes, can I help you?

    MALE STUDENT:Hi, my name's Eric Paterson. I'm a journalism student. I wanted to ask you about the orchestra.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:[interrupting, sympathetic] I' m sorry, Eric. But the orchestra is only open to music majors.

    MALE STUDENT:[taken aback] Really? Well, see—

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:But the policy is changing next year. After that, if you've taken three music courses, you will be able to audition.

    MALE STUDENT:Well, I have taken some music courses and I do play the double bass, so maybe that's something to think about. But actually, I was here about something else.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Oh, sorry! It’s just I... I get that question all the time, so…

    MALE STUDENT:That's okay. Thing is, I work for Magna—[upspeak] the school paper—and I am reporting on last week's concert.Now, I went to it, and I really enjoyed it, but now I'm looking for some background knowledge.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Well, I can refer you to some of the students in the orchestra if you'd like a young musician's point of view.

    MALE STUDENT:[hesitant, negative] Uh...l guess that might be helpful. But...um...l am really looking for a little bit of scholarly perspective.Some history of the music that was performed that evening, where it originated, how it's developed over time.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Well, some of our musicians kind of specialize in Appalachian music.In fact, that's part of the reason we performed it. So you really should talk to them, too.[shifting gears] um, Okay, so we were playing Appalachian music from communities in the Appalachian Mountain regions of the United States.

    MALE STUDENT:[thinking] All right.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:[friendly but doubtful, clearly suggesting that he take notes] Uh...Do you really think you can keep this all in your head?

    MALE STUDENT:[slight chuckle]Oh. Don’t worry.All I need are a few key facts. I'm sure I can keep them straight until I get back to my dorm.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:So. The music is generally based on folk ballads and instrumental dance tunes. It started with Scottish and Irish immigrants who brought over their styles of music.It's called [slowly] Anglo-Celtic.

    MALE STUDENT:So, people brought their musical traditions with them.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Well, this Anglo-Celtic music was considered an important link to the past for these people, which you can see in the way that Appalachian singers sing ballads.They have sort of a nasal quality to them, like in Celtic ballads.In their new land, some of the lyrics were updated, you know, to refer the new locations, and the occupations that settlers had in America.But at the same time, lots of ballads were still about castles and royalty, lords and ladies, stuff like that, which is what they were about originally.

    MALE STUDENT:OK, and was that some sort of banjo I saw on stage during the performance?

    FEMALE DIRECTOR:Yes, we are lucky that one of our students, Stewart Telford, has a nineteenth-century banjo—a real antique.He's able to play in most of the traditional styles.

    Did you know that banjos are of African American origin, and that settlers in Appalachia adopted banjos for their folk music?They became very common in traditional Appalachian music, along with guitars and violins, of course.But if you want to learn about that banjo, talk to Stewart.

    MALE STUDENT:That's great, Miss Harper. Thanks a lot.Now, can you recommend any sources where I could look up more about this?FEMALE DIRECTOR:Sure, I have a great book. A student has it today, but you can borrow it tomorrow if you'd like.

  • 旁白:请听一个学生和一位音乐指导之间的对话。

    学生:Harper小姐?

    指导员:对,需要帮忙吗?

    学生:你好,我叫Eric Paterson,我是新闻系的学生,我想向您了解一下管弦乐队......

    指导员:很抱歉,Eric,但是管弦乐队只招音乐专业的学生。

    学生:真的吗?是这样的......

    指导员:但是明年政策就有变动了,在那之后,如果你上过三门音乐课,那就可以参加面试了。

    学生:我上过一些音乐课,而且我会拉低音提琴,所以也许那值得考虑,但是实际上我是为了其他事而来的。

    指导员:哦,对不起,只是......我总是被问到那个问题,所以......

    学生:没关系,事情是这样的,我是学校报社Magna的,而我正在报道上周的音乐会。我去看了,而且非常喜欢,但是现在我在找一些背景知识。

    指导员:如果你想要年轻音乐家的观点,我可以让你跟乐队的一些学生谈谈。

    学生:我猜那也许有帮助,但是......我实际上在找的是更学术性一些的角度。比如那天晚上演奏的音乐的一些历史,它是在哪里产生的,是如何随时间推移而发展的。

    指导员:我们的一些音乐家是专攻阿巴拉契亚音乐的。事实上那也是我们演奏那个音乐的部分原因,所以你真的应该也跟他们聊聊。我们那时演奏的是来自美国阿巴拉契亚山脉地区群落的阿巴拉契亚音乐。

    学生:好的。

    指导员:嗯......你真的觉得你能把所有内容记在脑子里吗?

    学生:哈,别担心。我只需要一些关键信息,我相信我能一直把它们清楚地记到我回到宿舍为止。

    指导员:所以那个音乐一般就是以民谣和乐器演奏的舞曲为基础的。它起始于苏格兰和爱尔兰移民,他们带来了他们的音乐风格。它叫做安格鲁-凯尔特。

    学生:所以人们把他们的音乐传统一起带过来了。

    指导员:安格鲁-凯尔特音乐被这些人认作是和过去的重要联系,你从阿巴拉契亚歌手唱民谣的方式中就能看出来。他们有一种鼻音在里面,就像在凯尔特民谣中一样。在他们的新土地上,他们更新了一些歌词,你知道的,为了描述定居者在美国拥有的新地方和职业。但是与此同时,很多民谣仍是关于城堡、皇室、贵族老爷和贵妇之类的,这些就是它们原本的内容。

    学生:好的,表演期间我在舞台上看到的是某种班卓琴吗?

    指导员:是的,我们很幸运有个学生Stewart Telford有一架19世纪的班卓琴,真正的古董。他能用大部分传统风格演奏它。

    你知道班卓琴的来源是美籍非裔,而且阿巴拉契亚的定居者在他们的民俗音乐中采用了这种乐器吗?它们在传统的阿巴拉契亚音乐中变得非常常见,当然还有吉他和小提琴。但是如果你想了解那架班卓琴的话,可以找Stewart聊聊。

    学生:那太好了,Harper小姐,非常感谢。你能给我推荐一些能查找到更多与此相关的信息的资料吗?指导员:当然了,我有一本很棒的书,今天在一个学生手里,不过如果你想的话,明天可以借给你。

  • 官方解析
  • 网友贡献解析
  • 本题对应音频:
    2 感谢 不懂
    音频1
    解析
    题型分类: 目的题
    题干分析: 学生为什么去女老师的办公室
    原文定位:
    MALE STUDENT
    …… But actually, I was here about something else.

    FEMALE DIRECTOR

    Oh, sorry! It’s just I-I get that question all the time, so…


    MALE STUDENT
    That’s OK. Thing is, I work for Magna—[upspeak] the school paper—and I’m reporting on last week’s concert. Now, I went to it, and I really enjoyed it, but now I’m looking for some background knowledge.

    选项分析:

    对话一开始似乎是学生想要加入乐队,容易误选B。But转折后,学生说:But, actually, I was here about something else,老师抱歉自己误解之后,学生继续表明自己要做的事情:The thing is I work for Magna - the school paper and I am reporting on last week's concert. Now I went to it and I really enjoyed it, but now I'm looking for some background knowledge,说明学生是为了写报纸文章来收集信息的,对应选项C。


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