托福听力中conversation涉及的主要是学生求助他人解决实际问题或授课内容疑难点的场景，问答原则在对话中的主要体现在于一、明确学生的主要问题 --- conversation必考的主旨题往往是在学生与教授或工作人员的问答中得以体现，其中：对话的目的主旨往往直接就是学生的问题所在，对话的大意主旨也都是在对话双方的不断应答中得以揭示的；以及二、探讨、解决问题过程中的重要环节与步骤，在对话中基于不同问题或疑惑的解答往往是涉及对话主线的重要信息，通常在听力中会以细节题的形式进行考察。
Listen to a conversation between a student and an employee in the university's
career services office.
Hi, do you have a minute?
Sure, how can I help you?
I have a couple of questions about the career fair next week.
Um ...well, are seniors the only ones who can go?（Q1） I mean, you know, they are
finishing school this year and getting their degrees and everything. And, well, it
seems like businesses would wanna talk to them and not first year students
No, no, the career fair is opened to all our students and we encourage anyone
who's interested to go check it out.
1. Why does the student go to the career service's office?
● to confirm the date and time of the career fair
● to learn the location of the career fair
● to find out he is allowed to attend the career fair
● to get advice about interviewing at the career fair
Hi, I'd like to drop of my graduation form; I understand you need this in order to process my diploma.
Ok, I will take that. Before you leave, let's me check our computer. Looks like you are OK for graduation, and actually, I am getting a warning fly on your academic record here.
Yeah. Let's see was what. Are you familiar with your graduation requirements?（Q2）
Yes, I think so
Then you know you need 48 credits in your major field to graduate and at least 24 credits in the intermediate level or higher. Also, after your second year, you have to meet with your department chair to outline a plan for the rest of your time here.(Q2) In the past, we also issue letters before students' final year began to let them know what they needed to take in the final year to be OK, but we don't do that anymore.
I definitely met with my chair person 2 years ago; he told me that I need 8 more courses at the intermediate level or higher in the last 2 years to be OK. So I am not sure what the problem is, I make sure I got these credits.
2.According to the registrar, what step is currently taken to ensure that students fulfill their graduation requirements?
●Academic records are regularly checked by the registrar's office
●Students meet with a department chairperson to plan their course work
●Students receive letters listing the courses that they still need to take
●Warning letters are sent to students who have fallen behind in their course work
Yeah… anyway, I am glad you schedule this meeting because I want to change my
major to journalism now.
Um，the university doesn't offer a major in journalism.
I… I mean… should I transfer to another school, or major in English?
Er… wait a minute. Let me explain why the major isn't offered. Editors at newspapers… editors… um… I mean when you apply for a reporting job, editors look
at the two things(Q2)--- they want to see clips, you know, some of your published articles(Q3), though also want you to try out, though give you an assignment like… covering press conferences of some other event, then see if you can craft the story about it, accurately, on dead line(Q3).
3. According to advisor, how do newspaper editors evaluate an applicant for a
Clickon 2 answers.
They ask the applicant to present ideas for news stories.
They ask the applicant to write a news story.
They review the applicant's university course work.
They review a sample of the applicant's published articles.
例1: TPO6 Lecture1 教授询问学生是否知道郁金香的原产地，在学生回答错误之后，最终给出了正确的答案。
Exactly. For instance, do you have any idea where tulips are from? Originally I
Well, the Netherlands, right?
That's what most people think, but no. They are not native to the Netherlands,
or even Europe. Tulips actually hail from an area that Chinese call the Celestial
Mountains in Central Asia（Q8）.
8. According to the professor,where did tulips originate
● the mountains of central Asia
● the region around Istanbul in Turkey
● the sandy soils of the Netherlands
● the forests of northern Europe
But how is that proved that the Sahara used to be a lot wetter? I mean the
people who painted those hippos, well, couldn't they have seen them on their
Okay, in principal they could, Karl. But the rock paintings aren't the only
evidence. Beneath the Sahara are huge aquifers, basically a sea of fresh
water, that's perhaps a million years old filtered through rock layers.
And…er…and then there is fossilized pollen, from low shrubs and grasses that
once grew in the Sahara. In fact these plants still grow, er…but hundreds of
miles away, in more vegetated areas. Anyway, it's this fossilized pollen along
with the aquifers and the rock paintings, these three things are all evidence
that the Sahara was once much greener than it is today(Q13), that there were hippos
and probably elephants and giraffes and so on.
13.Not long ago, the Sahara had a different climate. What evidence does the professor mention to support this(3)
● Ancient pollen
● Bones from large animals
● Rock paintings
● Agriculture in ancient Egypt
● Underground water
But in 1998, a book of prayers from the Middle Ages(Q9) sold in an art auction for a lot of
money, more money than anyone would pay for a damaged book from the 12th century. Beautiful or not, why? It had been discovered that the book was a palimpsest, and beneath the surface writing on the manual script laid, guess what? Mathematical theorems and diagrams from Archimedes(Q9)
9. What type of book became known as the Archimedes palimpsest?
A history book.
A physics book.
A prayer book.
An artist's book.