NARRATOR:Listen to part of a lecture in a contemporary art class.
MALE PROFESSOR:Ok, I'm going to begin this lecture by giving you your next assignment.Remember I said that at some point during this semester I wanted you to attend an exhibit at the Fairy Street Gallery and then write about it?Well, the exhibit that I want you to attend is coming up, It's already started in fact, but it'll be at the gallery for the next month, which should give you plenty of time to complete this assignment.The name of the artist exhibiting there is Rose Frantzen.
Frantzen's work may be unfamiliar to you since she's a relatively young artist, but she's got a very unusual style, compared to some of the artists we've looked at this term,but anyway, Frantzen's style is what she herself calls Realistic Impressionism.
So you've probably studied both of these movements... separately, separate movements . . . Realism and Impressionism in some of your art history courses, so who can just sum these up?
FEMALE STUDENT:Well, Impressionism... started in the late nineteenth century.Uh, the basic Impressionist style was very different from earlier styles... It didn't depict scenes or models exactly as they looked.Uh, Impressionist painters tended to apply paint really thickly, and in big brushstrokes, so the texture of the canvas was rough.
MALE PROFESSOR:Good... what else? What were the subjects?
MALE STUDENT:Well, a lot of impressionist artists painted everyday scenes, like people on the streets and in cafes, uh, lots of nature scenes, especially landscapes.
MALE PROFESSOR:Good.So when you go to the exhibit, I really want you to take a close look at a certain painting—It's a farm scene,and you will see it right as you enter the gallery.The reason I think this painting is so important is that it stresses the impressionist aspect of Frantzen's style.It's an outdoor scene, an everyday scene, it's kind of bleak, but you can really see those broad brushstrokes, and the blurry lines.The colors aren't quite realistic—the sky's kind of, well, an unnatural pinkish yellow, and the fence in the foreground is blue, but somehow the overall scene gives an impression of a cold, bleak winter day on a farm.
So that's the impressionist side of her work.Oh, and speaking about farms, that reminds me—one interesting thing I read about Frantzen is that when she first moved back to Iowa after living abroad, she often visited this place in her town called the Sales Barn.
And the Sales Barn, it was basically this place where the local farmers bought and sold their cattle, their farm animals.And the reason Frantzen went there—and she later on would visit other places like dance halls, was to observe people and the ways that they moved.She really found that this helped her work - that it gave her an understanding of body movements and actions, how humans move—and stand still, what their postures were like, too.
So, what about Realism? What are the elements of Realism we should be looking for in Frantzen's work?
MALE STUDENT:Um... real honest depictions of subject matter, pretty unidealized stuff, and pretty everyday subject matter, too.
MALE PROFESSOR:Good. One other painting I really want you to look at is of a young woman surrounded by pumpkins.You will notice that the woman's face is so realistic looking that it's almost like a photograph.The woman's nose is a little less than perfect and her hair is kind of messed up—This is realism.But then, the background of the painting—this woman with the pumpkins is wrapped in a blanket of broad thick brushstrokes, and—it's all kinds of zigzagging brushstrokes and lines, kind of chaotic almost when you look at it close.And there are vibrant colors—There's lots of orange, with little hints of an electric blue peeking out.
I find Frantzen to be a very accessible artist.I mean, some artists, to appreciate them, you have to know their life story.But here's a little bit about Rose Frantzen's life anyway...She attended art school, but was told by one of her instructors that she wasn't good at illustration, that she should go into advertising instead.So she took advertising classes and fine arts classes too, until she was convinced by the head of an advertising agency that her work was really good, that she could be an artist.But of course, it's not as easy as that, and so Frantzen had to paint other people's portraits at places like art fairs—just to make money to buy paint for her more serious art work.No matter what, she never stopped painting, and now, Frantzen is doing extremely well, and her work is being shown all over the country.So I think most of us would be discouraged if we had to face challenges and difficulties like that, but what's important is that you keep at it that you don't give up.That's what is really important to remember.
Frantzen 的作品对你们来说可能会陌生，因为她是一个相对年轻的艺术家。但与我们这个学期了解过的一些艺术家相比，她的风格的确有很大不同。 但不管怎么说，Frantzen 的风格是她自己宣称的现实印象派。
这就是她印象主义风格的作品。哦，说到农场，倒提醒了我，我读过关于Franzten 的一件趣事：当她结束国外生活第一次回到爱荷华的时候，她经常光顾她老家一个叫做Sales Barn 的地方。
Sales Barn 基本上是当地农民买卖牲畜、家畜的地方。而Frantzen 去那里和后来去其他地方如舞厅的原因是观察人们和人们移动的方式。她发现这对她的工作相当有帮助——这段经历让她了解了身体的运动，人们如何舞动，如何静立，他们的姿势又是怎么样的。
教授：很好。我很希望你们看的另外一幅是一个年轻的女子被南瓜环绕的画。你会注意到那女人的脸是如此的逼真，就像是一张照片。这幅画里妇女的鼻子真是太真实了，还有她那乱蓬蓬的头发也是， 这就是写实派。但是，你看这幅画的背景，这个南瓜地里的妇女被一块地毯围着，而这个地毯是用粗犷的线条（broad thick brushstrokes 之前在说印象主义时提到的）所勾画的，并且这些线条都有点锯齿状的，当你近看的时候甚至有点乱乱的。而且有鲜明的色彩—有很多的橙色，摇曳着少量的铁蓝色。
我觉得Frantzen 是一个很容易接触的艺术家。我的意思是，对于一些艺术家来说，如果你想欣赏他们的画，你就得先知道他们的生平。但是Rose Frantzen 却不同...她读艺校时，其中一个导师告诉她说她不是很擅长画图，她应该投身广告行业。所以她也选修了广告和美术课程，直到后来得到了一家广告公司的老板大力认可，而且觉得自己可以成为一个艺术家。当然，没有那么顺利，为了赚钱买颜料进行创作有时Frantzen 被迫在艺术博览会这样的地方给别人画像。她在绘画历程中一如既往地坚持，如今，Frantzen 大器方成，她的作品在国内广为流传。我想，如果我们遭遇类似的挑战和困难，我们中的大多数人会气馁的，但重要的是要做到坚持不懈，永不放弃。铭记这一点很重要。
Ok, I’m going to begin this lecture by giving you your next assignment. Remember I said that at some point during this semester I wanted you to attend an
exhibit at the Ferry Street Gallery and then write about it? Well, the exhibit that I want you to attend is coming up, it’s already started in fact, but it’ll be at the
gallery for the next month, which should give you plenty of time to complete this assignment. The name of the artist exhibiting there is Rose Frantzen.
本题可用排除法。A选项，文章确实提到了两种artistic styles，但文章的目的并不是讲述两种styles的区别。B选项，文章确实有提到gallery，但目的不是为了说gallery，而是介绍展出的作品。D选项，evolve over time是随时间进化，文章并未提到艺术家的不同时期的风格，也未提到风格为何变化，怎样变化，所以不能选。C选项可以说是对文章的高度概括，全文基本是在说Frantzen的两种艺术风格，故此选C。