Official 29 Set 4

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Instructions on a World Music Assignment

纠错
  • Q1
  • Q2
  • Q3
  • Q4
  • Q5
Why does the student go to see the professor?
  • A. To explain why he may need to hand in an assignment late

  • B. To get instructions on how to complete an assignment

  • C. To discuss a type of music his class is studying

  • D. To ask if he can choose the music to write about in a listening journal

显示答案 正确答案: B

我的笔记 编辑笔记

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    NARRATOR:Listen to a conversation between a student and his music history professor.

    MALE STUDENT:Ummm, Professor Jenkins... the listening journal you assigned us to keep for the Intro to World Music class... well, I'm not sure I understand what to do.I listened to the pieces you assigned this week more than once, but when I tried to write about them, I didn't know what to say.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Well, it's not easy to write about music, even for people who are supposedly expert at it!

    MALE STUDENT:That makes me feel a little better.But, I'm just not familiar with how you keep a listening journal... I've kept journals for other classes... summarizing and writing how I felt about readings...

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Well, a listening journal isn't all that different. I want you to note your feelings about musical compositions, too...

    MALE STUDENT:OK ... [thinking] There were pieces I liked more than others, but I think you want our comments to be a little more, I don't know, analytical... right?

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Well...whether you like a piece or not is important. But you should be able to explain why you like a particular piece... and be able to talk about its historical and musical context.Actually, the listening journal is a tool to help you listen to music actively... to think about what you're hearing...

    MALE STUDENT:Maybe I'm finding it difficult because I'm not real familiar with most of the music you assigned...I mean if it was hip hop or something I listen to with my friends

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:Sure, because hip hop is a form that's familiar and meaningful to you.But you'll see, as the semester progresses and you start learning more about musical forms, you'll become a more adept listener and you'll start noticing patterns.

    MALE STUDENT:OK, so the songs we listened to this week the... [trying to remember] the canto...

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:The cante jondo, you remember we said it means deep song in Andalusian Spanish, not only because it's sung in a deep register, but also because it's a song about deeper or serious matters... certainly not lighthearted.

    MALE STUDENT:Really? Hmmm... I guess I didn't catch the double meaning... that's kinda cool.But anyway, even with the translations you gave us for the lyrics and everything... I don't know... I could tell it was sad, but I guess I wasn't trying to analyze it- from a musical perspective, that is.

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:OK, so this is what you should do.Go back and listen to the song selection, and this time pay attention to the melody, to repetition, to the...

    MALE STUDENT:There was plenty of that... some parts sounded like the same note played over and over again!

    FEMALE PROFESSOR:That's exactly the kind of observation you would record in a listening journal.So...melody, repetition, rhythm, how the piece is structured, as well as your reasons for liking or disliking it...[gets an idea] you know what? I thought everyone was clear about this but... you've just given me a great idea.I'm going to draw up a list of questions everyone should keep in mind when they're writing their journals... other students may be having the same problem you're having.

  • 旁白:听一段学生和音乐史教授的对话。

    学生:詹金斯教授,关于“世界音乐入门”课上你布置的听力日志,我不知道该怎么做。你这周布置的曲子我已经听了不止一遍,但当我要写些什么的时候,我无话可说。

    教授:要写音乐相关的文章并不容易,哪怕是对所谓的专家来说。

    学生:这让我感觉好受点儿了。但我对记听力日志不熟悉。我在其它课上也有记日志,总结(材料)并写些读后感。

    教授:听力日志也没有太大区别。我也希望你记下你对乐曲的感受。

    学生:有些曲目(比起其它)更得我欢心,但我想你希望我们的评论更具有分析性,对吧?

    教授:你是否喜欢一首曲子是很重要的,但你也得能够解释为什么你喜欢这首曲子,能够说说它的历史和音乐背景。事实上,听力日志是帮助你主动听音乐的工具,让你思考你所听到的音乐。

    学生:可能我觉得这很难是因为我对大部分你布置的音乐都不熟吧。我是说,假如这是嘻哈音乐或其它我和朋友都会听的音乐......

    教授:当然,因为嘻哈这种(音乐)形式对你来说很熟悉,且很有意义。但随着学期进行,你会发现你开始学更多关于音乐形式的知识,你也会成为更内行的听众。而且你会开始留意模式。

    学生:好。那这周我们听的歌,坎托?

    教授:深沉之歌。你记得吗,我们说过,这在安达卢西亚地区的西班牙语中代表“深沉之歌”?不仅仅是因为这首歌是用低音唱的,而且是因为这首歌讲的是更深层或更严肃的事情,绝对不是轻快的。

    学生:真的?我想我没理会到其中的双重含义。这很酷。不管怎样, 哪怕是有了你给我们的歌词翻译和别的资料,我不知道,我能听出来这是首悲伤的曲子,但我没有试图去从音乐角度分析。

    教授:好。这就是你应该做的。回去再听所选的曲目,这一次,要留意旋律,重复的片段......

    学生:重复的部分可不少。有些部分听起来就像是同一个音不断重复。

    教授:这种观察正是你应该记在听力日志里的内容。重复的旋律、节奏、曲目结构和你喜欢或不喜欢的原因。你知道吗?我以为大家对此都很清楚,但你给了我一个好主意。我会列一张单子,里面都是写听力日志时应该考虑的问题,其他学生可能也遇到了你的问题。

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  • 本题对应音频:
    1 感谢 不懂
    音频1
    解析

    题型分析:主旨题

    原文定位

    Student: Um, Professor Jenkins. The listening journal you assigned us to keep for the Intro to World Music class, well, I am not sure I understand what to do. I listened to the pieces you assigned this week more than once, but when I tried to write about them, I didn’t know what to say.

    选项分析

    文章开门见山直接表达了 assigned work don’t know how to say,然后老师从不同方面详细讲解了如何observation 以及analyze.

    B选项即为对话核心名词work的同义替换,是对全文主旨最准确的概括

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Instructions on a World Music Assignment

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