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第1段

1 .<-NARRATOR:->Listen to a conversation between a student and his creative writing professor.

请听一段学生与文学创作课教授之间的对话。

第2段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> John, listen, I can clearly see that you put a lot of time into your response paper...

教授:学生,听我说。我可以清楚地看到你在读书笔记上花了不少时间。

2 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> I did! It took me forever. I rewrote it a dozen times.

学生:是的!我花了很长时间。我重写了十几次。

第3段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> And your hard work shows. Unfortunately…it’s a week late.

教授:你的作业能够反映出这一点。但很遗憾,你晚交了一星期。

2 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> I know, sorry. I just got a little behind, y’know, sports and homework… But I’m on top of things now.

学生:我知道。对不起。我只是稍微晚了点,你知道的,我还要参加运动、做作业。但是现在我把这些事都处理好了。

第4段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Glad to hear it. Now, as for our meeting today… I like to talk to all of my creative writing students one-on-one at least once during the term and see how they’re doing.

教授:很高兴听你这么说!现在,就我们今天的面谈而言,我想和所有文学创作课的学生,在学期中至少进行一次一对一的谈话,看看他们的作业完成得怎么样了。

2 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> I think I’m doing OK. Busy, you know, but other than that…

学生:我想我做的还不错。虽然很忙,你知道的,但除此之外……

第5段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Well, I’ve found through the years that some of my assignments can be pretty tough for first year students like yourself.

教授:嗯,我发现这些年来,我布置的一些作业对于像你一样的大一新生来说真的很难。

2 .Like the response paper you just did, the explication of a Pablo Neruda poem.

就比如你刚完成的读书笔记,关于巴勃罗·聂鲁达的一首诗歌的解读。

3 .Uh, by the way, why did you choose “The Lemon”? It’s an… unusual choice.

额…顺便问一下,你为什么会选择《柠檬》这首诗?这个选择不同寻常。

第6段

1 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> It was my favorite in a book of Neruda’s poems. All the poems are about everyday objects and, y’know, simple pleasures.

学生:这是我在《聂鲁达诗集》中最喜欢的一首诗。所有的诗都是关于日常事物的,还有,你知道的,关于简单的快乐。

2 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Right. Elemental Odes. One of my favorites.

教授:是的,《元素的颂歌》,是我最喜欢的诗集之一。

第7段

1 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> I liked how Neruda took things like fruit and vegetables and... socks... and used metaphors and similes to describe them as these wonderful, mysterious things.

学生:我喜欢聂鲁达将水果、蔬菜和袜子一类的东西当作描写对象的方式,并使用隐喻和明喻来将它们描写成奇妙而神秘的东西。

2 .Like in “The Lemon,” he describes a lemon falling to Earth from the stars!

就像在《柠檬》一诗中所描述的那样。他描写了一颗从星星坠落到地球上的柠檬。

3 .And he compares a slice of lemon to a stained-glass window. It’s so original.

并将柠檬片与彩色的玻璃窗作对比。这非常新颖!

第8段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Beautiful images, aren’t they? Neruda didn’t win the Nobel Prize for literature by accident.

教授:很美的画面,不是吗?聂鲁达获得诺贝尔文学奖并非偶然。

2 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> No, he didn’t.

学生:是的,他不是。

3 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Now, as you know, the paper was only the first half of the assignment…

教授:现在,正如你所知,读书笔记只是作业的前半部分。

4 .and I’m concerned about your ability to complete the second part on time, considering how much time the first part took you.

考虑到在第一部分上你所花费的时间,我很担心你是否能按时完成第二部分。

第9段

1 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> Actually, I finished it just before I came here.

学生:事实上,在到这里之前,我刚完成了第二部分。

2 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Excellent!

教授:非常棒!

3 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> It was tricky, too. You know, having to write a poem inspired by “The Lemon”, but in a completely different style.

学生:第二部分也很棘手。你知道的,我得写一首灵感来源于《柠檬》,但风格又截然不同的诗。

4 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Right.

教授:是的!

第10段

1 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> In order to do that, I really had to study Neruda’s style and read a lot of his stuff, which was great.

学生:为了做到这一点,我真的不得不去研究聂鲁达的写作风格,并阅读了很多他非常优秀的作品。

2 .But... “The Lemon” is free verse. So to do the assignment, I decided to use a strict meter—iambic pentameter, to be as different as possible.

但是《柠檬》是自由诗体。所以为了完成作业,我决定用一种严格的韵律来写——五音步抑扬格,尽可能用不同的风格写。

第11段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> So each line of your poem has ten syllables and every other syllable is stressed.

教授:所以你的诗每一行都有十个音节,相隔的音节会重读。

2 .Interesting choice. Iambic pentameter is certainly different from free verse!

很有趣的选择!五音步抑扬格肯定与自由诗体截然不同。

第12段

1 .<-MALE STUDENT:-> It was hard for me, though, because usually when I write a poem, I choose my own topic, and I just write. I don’t worry about counting syllables or anything.

学生:虽然这对我来说很难,因为通常当我写一首诗时,我会选择自己的主题,而我只需要写就行了。我不用去担心数音节之类的事情。

2 .So... I’m kinda hoping we won’t have more assignments like this.

所以,我有点希望我们不会再有这样的作业了。

3 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> Sorry to disappoint you, but these assignments are designed to get you out of your comfort zone, to get you reading and writing a wide variety of poetic styles.

教授:很抱歉要让你失望了,但是这些作业的目的是为了让你走出舒适区,让你(体会)阅读和创作各种各样的诗歌风格。