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第1段

1 .<-NARRATOR:-> Now listen to part of a lecture in a sociology class on this topic.

现在听一段关于该题目的社会学讲座片段。

第2段

1 .<-MALE PROFESSOR:-> Have you noticed how when a student gives a class presentation, they might dress just a little more formally than usual?

你是否曾经注意到同学如何做班级陈述?是否注意到他们可能会比平时穿得更正式一丢丢?

2 .For example, if you usually wear jeans and a T-shirt to class, you might wear nicer pants and a nice shirt or sweater because, you know, you’re dressing up.

例如,如果平时你穿牛仔裤和T恤衫上课,你可能会穿西裤,衬衫或者毛衣,因为你知道,你要打扮一下。

第3段

1 .You want people to know—even before you begin speaking—that you take this presentation seriously, that you’ve come prepared, that you’re a responsible student, that you’ve got a good presentation for us…

你希望人们知道——甚至在你开说之前——你在严肃对待这个陈述,你是有备而来的,你是负责任的学生,你为大家准备了棒棒的陈述......

2 .you get the idea.

这个道理很简单。

第4段

1 .Or, here’s another example.

还有一个例子。

2 .There was this one time where I knew I was going to be giving the, uh, president of the university a ride; it was to a meeting across town.

曾经有一次,我知道大学校长要搭乘我的车,穿城去参加一个会议。

第5段

1 .Anyway, the day before I was supposed to give him a ride, I…

无论如何,就在我要送大学校长的前一天,我...

2 .I wasn’t even aware of doing this, but the day before I was supposed to give him a ride,

我甚至没有意识到这些,但在我要送他的前一天,

3 .I took the trash out of the back seat and even had the car washed—

我把汽车后座的垃圾取出,甚至清洗了我的座驾——

4 .I suppose I was thinking in the back of my mind that, you know, if my car was neat and tidy, the president would think that I was, um, responsible, respectful….

回想起来,我当时的假设是,如果我的车是干净整洁的,校长可能会认为我是负责任的,值得尊敬的...

5 .And then, to top it off, when the president got in the car, I changed the radio to a classical station.

而且,当校长坐进我的车,我把收音机调整到经典音乐台。

第6段

1 .Now, I don’t even like classical music.

即使,我实际上不喜欢古典音乐。

2 .I guess I must have been thinking that classical music would seem more, um, sophisticated.

我猜,我应该是认为,古典音乐能让人显得更成熟老练。