Official 37 Set 5

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Vasari's Biographies of Famous Artists

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What is the lecture mainly about?
  • A. Vasari’s efforts to prove a theory about the Mona Lisa

  • B. Vasari’s friendships with da Vinci and Michelangelo

  • C. Experiences that shaped Vasari’s approach to art history

  • D. The influence of Vasari’s book in the field of art history

显示答案 正确答案: D

我的笔记 编辑笔记

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    NARRATOR:Listen to part of a lecture in an art history class.

    MALE PROFESSOR:I'm sure you've all heard of the Mona Lisa, the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci.The Mona Lisa is a portrait of a woman, and it's thought to be the portrait of Lisa Gherardini but that's not certain.In fact, many things about the Mona Lisa remain a mystery.For example, we don't know exactly who commissioned the painting or how long da Vinci worked on it.And there are actually many scholars who think the mystery makes the painting more interesting;I think it places unfortunate limits on our analyses... makes it hard to make strong arguments about the painting.Anyway-getting to the point-most people today might've never heard of the Mona Lisa- or of many other now-famous works of art for that matter- if it hadn't been for Giorgio Vasari.

    Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter, architect and scholar.In the mid-1500s, he wrote a book called [slowly] Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, in which he describes-among many other things-the features of the Mona Lisa, including her famous smile.This book drew a lot of attention to da Vinci and significantly increased the Mona Lisa's fame.As the title suggests, Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects includes biographies not only of da Vinci, but also of many other now-famous Italian Renaissance artists.

    This was the first time that a European author had made the personal lives of the artists a central component of an art history book, and many a later author followed the example....The more important the artist-in Vasari's view-the longer their biography in the book, and by far the longest of the biographies is that of Michelangelo- the painter of the Sistine Chapel ceiling and sculptor of the famous statue of David- whose work Vasari adopted as, uh... his benchmark... his reference point for evaluating everyone else's artwork.

    Many of the biographies are extremely detailed, with all the basic facts about where the artists were born, where they'd worked, who their teachers were, and so on... [indicating how much he enjoys the book]But I read [present tense] Vasari's book cover-to-cover almost every summer- I find it a great way to unwind during the summer break- and what keeps me coming back to it are the anecdotes-fascinating anecdotes that give you glimpses into the artists' private lives- their dreams, their fears, their virtues, their vices....In his book Vasari also tackled-quite successfully, I might add- the enormous task of sorting out which works had been done by which artists,which works belonged in the same stylistic categories, which works belonged in similar categories in terms of quality, and so on-stuff you'd take for granted today, but again, Vasari was the first European author to do that.

    A word of caution, though: Vasari was not at all averse to-how should I put it?-modifying the facts.For example, in his book he has a touching description of da Vinci's death, in which da Vinci dies in the arms of his last patron, the king of France, Francis the first.Now, da Vinci did spend the last years of his life working in the court of Francis the first.Vasari seems to have overlooked a minor detail, however- the well-documented fact that the king was far away when da Vinci breathed his last breath.But why let the facts stand in the way of a great story, right?Since Vasari's tales are, as I've said, so compelling, and because they've been repeated by so many subsequent authors, they're still often taken at face value, even today, no questions asked.

  • 旁白:请听一段艺术史的讲座片段。

    教授:你们肯定听说过蒙娜莉萨,达芬奇的著名画作。蒙娜莉萨是一位妇女的画像,人们认为是Lisa Gherardini的画像,但这个也不确定。实际上,很多关于蒙娜莉萨的事情还是一个谜。例如,我们不能准确地知道是谁委托达芬奇画这幅画,他画了多久。实际上有很多学者认为,这些谜团使得蒙娜莉萨更加有趣了。我觉得这些谜团使得我们的研究不幸地受到了限制,让我们很难对于这幅画得出确定的结论。不论如何,想想这一点:现在的大多数人可能根本没听说过蒙娜莉萨,或者也不会知道其他的著名画作,如果不是因为Giorgio Vasari的话。

    Vasari是一位意大利画家,建筑师和学者。在十六世纪中期,他写了一本叫做最出色的画家、雕刻家和建筑师的生活的书,在这本书里他描写了很多东西,包括蒙娜莉萨和她神秘的微笑。这本书很关注达芬奇,很大地提升了蒙娜莉萨的知名度。正如题目所指的那样,这本书包括了达芬奇及其他的著名意大利文艺复兴艺术家的传记。

    这是第一次一位欧洲的作家在艺术史的书里把艺术家的私人生活作为了中心,很多后来的作者延续了这种写作方式。Vasari觉得哪位艺术家更重要,在书里他们的传记就越长。至今为止,最长的传记属于米开朗琪罗,西斯廷教堂天花板壁画的作者以及大卫雕像的作者,他的作品被Vasari当做基准及参考点,用于评价其他人的艺术作品。

    很多的传记在以下这些方面非常详细,比如说艺术家是在哪里出生的,他们在哪里工作过,老师是谁,还有其他的一些基本的信息。但我几乎每年夏天都会通读瓦萨里的书,它帮助我在炎炎夏日放松下来,让我不断回读它的是它里面的奇闻异事,吸引人的奇闻异事,让我们得以一窥艺术家的私人生活,他们的梦想,他们的恐惧,他们的美德和罪恶。在他的书中,Vasari也成功地做了一件我必须说非常巨大的工作,他把艺术家的作品进行了分类,依照他们的艺术风格来分来,相同风格的艺术作品,根据质量或者别的标准来分类, 这些分类标准在现代被人们认为是理所当然的。但是,再说一次,Vasari是第一位这样分类的欧洲作家。

    不过,要提醒一句:Vasari并不是,我该怎么说呢,并不是一点也没有修饰事实。例如,在他的书里,他对于达芬奇的去世有非常感人的描写,在他的描写里达芬奇是在他最后的赞助人法国国王Francis一世的怀里去世的。达芬奇的确在生命最后的时间里为Francis一世服务的。然而Vasari似乎忽略了一个细节,那就是达芬奇去世的时候国王离他很远。但是这个小小事实不足以掩盖达芬奇光辉灿烂一生的光芒。对吗?因为就如同我所说的,Vasari的故事太吸引人了,因为他们已经被后面的作者借鉴了太多次,在表面价值上它们还常常被引用。即使今天也是。所以人们并没有对此提出过质疑。

  • 官方解析
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  • 本题对应音频:
    1 感谢 不懂
    音频1
    解析

    题型分析:主旨题

    原文定位:

    Anyway—getting to the point—most people today might’ve never heard of the Mona Lisa—or of many other now-famous works of art for that matter—if it hadn’t been for Giorgio Vasari.

    选项分析:原文开头教授引出今天讲座主旨,即Vasari这个作者对于艺术历史的影响,与选项D一致,故选项D正确。

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