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Para.1

NARRATOR: Now listen to part of a talk in a sociology class. The professor is discussing audience effects.
现在,请听部分社会学的讲课内容。老师正在讨论观众效应的相关问题。

Para.2

MALE PROFESSOR: OK, so we said that the way we interact with others has an impact on our behavior...
好的,我们之前提到过人与人之间的交流会对彼此的行为产生影响。
In fact, there's some interesting research to suggest that in one type of interaction—when we're being observed specifically, when we know we're being watched as we perform some activity—we tend to increase the speed at which we perform that activity.
事实上,某项很有意思的研究表明,其中一种人与人之前的交流方式,也就是我们被别人观察的时候,再具体一点,也就是我们意识到自己被别人注视的时候,比如我们在表演某些活动时。这时,我们倾向于加快表演活动的速度。
In one study, college students were asked to each put on a pair of shoes—shoes with laces they would have to tie.
在某项研究中,要求每位大学生穿鞋子,鞋子有鞋带,所以学生们还需要系鞋带。
Now one group of students was told that they would be observed.
现在,其中的一组学生被告知研究人员将要观察他们的行为。
The second group, however, didn't know they were being observed.
然而,第二组并不知情自己受到观察。
The students who were aware that they were being watched actually tied their shoes much faster than the students who thought they were alone.
事实上,那些知道自己被观察的学生,系鞋带的速度远快于那些以为自己只是独自系鞋带没有人观察自己的学生。
Other studies confirm the same is true even when we're learning new activities.
其他的研究也证实这个结论(一样的结论)是正确的,甚至当我们在学习新的活动时,这样的结论也同样适用。
Let's say someone is learning a new task—for example, learning how to type.
让我们来说说某人在学习一项新的任务,比如,学习如何打字。
When they're conscious of being observed, they'll likely begin typing at a much faster rate than they would if they were alone.
当他们意识到有人观察自己时,他们的打字速度更可能会远快于自己单独一个人时的打字速度。
But, and this is interesting, the study also showed that certain common behavior— things people typically do, like ...making mistakes when you're learning something new that behavior pattern will also increase.
但是还有很有意思的一点是,研究同样表明某些人类共有的行为,比如当人们在学习新东西的时候,大家通常都是会犯错误的。(研究表明)这种行为模式的发生几率也会增大。
So in other words, when we're learning to type, and we know we're being watched, we'll type faster but we'll also make more mistakes.
所以,换句话说,当我们学习打字的时候,当我们知道有人在观察自己的时候,我们都倾向于打得更快,但同时我们也会犯更多错误。
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