始终显示原文
小黑人

欢迎使用考满分精听听写

截止昨天,已经有 252988 同学完成了 4103155 次的练习

开始练习 查看新手引导

原文已被隐藏,你可用 快捷键 - 或点击 显示原文 按钮来查看原文

第1段

1 .Listen to part of a lecture in a dramatics class.

该句暂无译文!

第2段

1 .Could I get everyone to place their chairs in a semicircle? That's it.

该句暂无译文!

2 .Thank you. To day, we will discuss, ah, method acting and its importance to theatrical acting.

该句暂无译文!

3 .Let me begin by giving you a definition of method acting as well as a little background.

该句暂无译文!

4 .Ready? Okay.

该句暂无译文!

5 .Method acting is an acting technique in which actors try to replicate in real life the emotional conditions under which the character operates

该句暂无译文!

6 .in an effort to create a lifelike, realistic performance.

该句暂无译文!

7 ."The Method" typically refers to the practice of actors drawing on their own emotions, memories, and exp eriences to influence their portrayals of characters.

该句暂无译文!

第3段

1 .Isn't the method an American invention?

该句暂无译文!

第4段

1 .Not necessarily. "The Method", as we will call it, um, was popularized by Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio and the Group Theater in New York City in the 1940s and 1950s.

该句暂无译文!

2 .But, the method was derived from "the Stanislavski System,"

该句暂无译文!

3 .after Konstantin Stanislavski,

该句暂无译文!

4 .who pioneered similar ideas in his quest for "theatrical truth."

该句暂无译文!

5 .This was done through, um, friendships with Russia's leading actors as well as his teachings, writings, and acting at the Moscow Art Theater,

该句暂无译文!

6 .founded in 1897.

该句暂无译文!

7 .By the way, this is very important.

该句暂无译文!

8 .The system is the result of Stanislavski's many years of efforts to determine how a, umm,

该句暂无译文!

9 .how should I say this, how a human being can control, in their performance, the most intangible and uncontrollable aspects of human behavior:

该句暂无译文!

10 .things such as emotions and artistic inspiration.

该句暂无译文!

11 .Geez, that's a mouthful! Question?

该句暂无译文!

第5段

1 .Ah, you mean the Stanislavski System encouraged actors to act naturally?

该句暂无译文!

第6段

1 .Exactly! But there's more to it than that.

该句暂无译文!

2 .The Stanislavski System is a complex method for producing, shall we say, realistic characters,

该句暂无译文!

3 .and most of today's actors, on stage, television, and film, owe much to it.

该句暂无译文!

4 .By using "The System," an actor is required to, um, deeply analyze his or her character's motivations.

该句暂无译文!

5 .Stanislavski and his system are frequently misunderstood.

该句暂无译文!

6 .For instance, often the system is confused with the method.

该句暂无译文!

第7段

1 .So, let me get this straight.

该句暂无译文!

2 .The method is an offshoot of the system, correct?

该句暂无译文!

第8段

1 .Yes, correct. But there is more to it.

该句暂无译文!

2 .The method is also an outgrowth of the American theater scene of the 1930s and 40s.

该句暂无译文!

3 .This is when actors and directors such as,

该句暂无译文!

4 .let's see, Elia Kazan and Lee Strasberg, for example, came across Stanislavski's ideas through theatrical teachers like

该句暂无译文!

5 .Stella Adler. She showed Strasberg Stanislavski's system ideas, and within two years, Strasberg was artistic director of the Actors Studio

该句暂无译文!

6 .and the Group Theater, teaching his version of the Stanislavski System or the Method. Actors under his tutelage

该句暂无译文!

7 .there included Al Pacino, Marilyn Monroe, and Robert De Niro, just to name a few of many.

该句暂无译文!

8 .I hope that's clear for everyone.

该句暂无译文!

第9段

1 .Got it! By the way, that's a pretty impressive list of actors!

该句暂无译文!

第10段

1 .Absolutely! And since all of the above mentioned actors are method actors,

该句暂无译文!

2 .we can see the impor tance of method acting as related to theater and movies.

该句暂无译文!

第11段

1 .Well, I don't get it.

该句暂无译文!

2 .What makes a method actor more important or better than an actor who hasn't studied Strasberg's method?

该句暂无译文!

第12段

1 .Well, maybe a little more insight into the method is needed here.

该句暂无译文!

2 .In general, method acting combines a careful consideration of the, um,

该句暂无译文!

3 .psychological motives of the character and some sort of personal identification with and, in some cases, possibly

该句暂无译文!

4 .the reproduction of the character's emotional state in a realistic way.

该句暂无译文!

5 .This process can include, ah, various ideologies and practices such as "as if,"

该句暂无译文!

6 ."substitution," "emotional memory," and "preparation."

该句暂无译文!

7 .So, the difference between a method actor and a non-method actor would probably be the amount of preparation given for a particular part.

该句暂无译文!

8 .Most method actors therefore would be considered lead actors.

该句暂无译文!

第13段

1 .Okay. But how does the method imp act a performance?

该句暂无译文!

2 .Can you give us a well known example of an actor who has gone above the call of duty to prepare for a part?

该句暂无译文!

第14段

1 .Very well. There are so many examples of method actors who have put their bodies and souls into the characters that they are playing.

该句暂无译文!

2 .Let's use Robert de Niro as an example.

该句暂无译文!

3 .Praised for his commitment to roles stemming from his background in method acting,

该句暂无译文!

4 .De Niro gained 60 pounds and learned how to box for his portrayal of Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull,

该句暂无译文!

5 .ground his teeth for Cape Fear, lived in Sicily for The Godfather Part II, and learned to play the saxophone for New York, New York.

该句暂无译文!

6 .He also put on weight and shaved his hairline to play Al Capone in The Untouchables.

该句暂无译文!

7 .And how did de Niro's preparation impact his performances?

该句暂无译文!

8 .He won two Academy Awards for doing it.

该句暂无译文!