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第1段

1 .<-NARRATOR:-> Listen to part of a lecture in a psychology class.

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第2段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> When we think about the past,

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2 .when we try to remember the past,

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3 .we remember some things better than others.

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4 .Why is that? Well, there are a few different explanations.

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第3段

1 .One explanation is that we remember something better if we already have some previous knowledge about it, some previous understanding of it.

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2 .For example, let's say you're going to go to a classical music concert.

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3 .If you don't know anything about classical music before you go to the concert,

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4 .you probably won't remember many details of the concert later on.

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5 .For example, if somebody asks you about the concert a year later,

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6 .you probably won't remember what pieces the orchestra played, what order they played them in, and so on....

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7 .On the other hand, if you already know a lot about classical music before you go to the concert-

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8 .for example, if you've been studying and playing classical music for many years-

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9 .it's probably going to be much easier for you to recall the details of the concert later on.

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第4段

1 .Another explanation is that we remember better when there's something unusual or different about what we're trying to remember.

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2 .For example, let's say you're in a class at a university-

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3 .a big class, with over a hundred students in it.

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4 .A year later, which of those hundred students are you most likely to remember?

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5 .Probably the ones who were unusual or different in some way-

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6 .maybe a man who was exceptionally tall...or...a woman who was exceptionally intelligent.

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7 .The fact that these students were somehow different from the other students will make them easier to remember.

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