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第1段

1 .Offering employees the option of a four-day workweek won't affect the company profits, economic conditions or the lives of employees in the ways the reading suggests.

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2 .First, offering a four-day workweek will probably force companies to spend more, possibly a lot more.

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3 .Adding new workers means putting much more money into providing training and medical benefits.

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4 .Remember the costs of things like health benefits can be the same whether an employee works four days or five.

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5 .And having more employees also requires more office space and more computers.

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6 .These additional costs would quickly cut into company profits.

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7 .Second, with respect to overall employment, it doesn't follow that once some employees choose a four-day workweek, many more jobs will become available.

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8 .Hiring new workers is costly, as I argued a moment ago.

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9 .And companies have other options.

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10 .They might just choose to ask their employees to work overtime to make up the difference.

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11 .Worse, companies might raise expectations.

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12 .They might start to expect that their four-day employees can do the same amount of work they used to do in five days.

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13 .If this happens, then no additional jobs will be created and current jobs will become more unpleasant.

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14 .Finally, while a four-day workweek offers employees more free time to invest in their personal lives, it also presents some risks that could end up reducing their quality of life.

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15 .Working a shorter week can decrease employees' job stability and harm their chances for advancing their careers.

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16 .Four-day employees are likely to be the first to lose their jobs during an economic downturn.

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17 .They may also be passed over for promotions because companies might prefer to have five-day employees in management positions to ensure continuous coverage and consistent supervision for the entire workweek.

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