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第1段

1 .This is Scientific American's 60-second Science.

这里是科学美国人——60秒科学系列。

2 .I'm Karen Hopkin.

我是凯伦·霍普金。

第2段

1 .This will just take a minute.

本期节目只需要一分钟时间。

第3段

1 .Music includes a lot of repetition.

音乐包含很多重复部分。

2 .What would your favorite song be without a chorus?

你最喜欢的歌曲没了副歌会变成什么样子?

3 .But the connection runs even deeper than that.

但是,音乐与重复还有更深层的联系。

4 .Because the very act of repeating something can render that thing melodious—even the sound of a shovel being dragged across the pavement.

因为这种重复会让声音变得有音乐性——即使是在人行道上拖动铁铲的声音。

5 .That's according to a study to be published soon in the journal Music & Science.

这一结论来自即将在《音乐与科学》期刊上发表的一项研究。

第4段

1 .A few years back, psychologists at the University of California, San Diego, discovered that when words or phrases are repeated a few times, they can start to sound more like singing than speaking.

几年前,加州大学圣地亚哥分校的心理学家发现,单词或短语重复几次以后,它们就开始听起来更像是唱歌而不是说话了。

第5段

1 .("The sounds as they appear to you are not only different from those that are really present, but they sometimes behave so strangely as to seem quite impossible.

“你听到的声音不仅和那些存在的声音不同,而且有时候还表现得非常奇怪,以致于听起来相当不可思议。

2 .But they sometimes behave so strangely.

而且声音有时表现得非常奇怪。

3 .Sometimes behave so strangely.

有时就是非常奇怪。

4 .Sometimes behave so strangely.

非常奇怪。

5 .So strangely. So strangely. So strangely. So strangely." Credit: speech to song illusion/Deutsch)

非常奇怪。非常奇怪。”(来源:语音变歌曲幻觉/多伊奇)

6 .The effect is perhaps not entirely surprising.

这种效果也许没什么奇怪的。

7 .Talking and singing are both forms of vocal communication.

因为说话和唱歌都是口头交流的形式。

8 .But researchers got to wondering: could repetition also musicalize other types of sounds?

但是研究人员想知道:重复是否也能音乐化其他类型的声音?

第6段

1 .So they collected clips of 20 different environmental sounds...including water dripping, ice cracking, whales calling, and the aforementioned shovel.

所以,他们收集了20种不同环境中的声音片段,其中包括水滴落的声音、冰裂声、鲸鱼叫声以及前面提到的铲子声。

2 .And they played the snippets to 58 undergraduates...first, as single sounds (single whale call) and then in a series with increasing reiteration (whale call repeated).

然后,他们给58名大学生播放了这些声音片段,首先是单一的片段(单次鲸鱼叫声),然后播放一系列不断重复的声音(重复的鲸鱼叫声)。

3 .What they found is that...as the repeats stacked up...the participants rated the sounds as being more tuneful.

他们发现,重复次数增加时,参与者认为这些声音变得更加悦耳。

第7段

1 .The conclusion:

结论是:

第8段

1 ."Repetition's power to musicalize seems to extend to a broader variety of sounds than just speech."

“重复在音乐化方面的力量似乎可以扩大到更广泛的声音范畴,而不仅仅是语言。”

第9段

1 .Elizabeth Margulis, director of the music cognition lab at the University of Arkansas, who led the study.

阿肯色大学音乐认知实验室主任伊丽莎白·马古利斯负责这项研究。

第10段

1 ."These perceptual transformations are powerful because nothing changes in the acoustic signal itself.

“这些感知转换很强大,因为声音信号本身没有任何变化。

2 .That is held fixed.

那是恒定不变的。

3 .Everything that sounds different comes from the mind itself, making these illusions particularly useful for understanding the musical mode of listening.

所有听起来不同的声音都来自于思维本身,这使这些错觉对于理解听觉的音乐模式尤为有用。

4 .What are we doing when we're hearing something musically?

我们在听到具有音乐性的声音时会有什么反应?

5 .How is this different from other kinds of hearing?

与听到其他类型的声音有什么不同?

6 .These transformations allow us to tackle these kinds of questions head on."(ice crack sound repeated)

这些转换使我们能够正面解决此类问题。”(重复的冰碎裂声)

7 .Thanks for the minute for Scientific American — 60-Second Science.

谢谢大家收听科学美国人——60秒科学。

8 .I'm Karen Hopkin.

我是凯伦·霍普金。