始终显示原文
小黑人

欢迎使用考满分精听听写

截止昨天,已经有 258057 同学完成了 4221892 次的练习

开始练习 查看新手引导

原文已被隐藏,你可用 快捷键 - 或点击 显示原文 按钮来查看原文

第一段

1 .This is Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

该句暂无译文!

2 .The ingredient that makes hot chilies hot is called capsaicin-and it can set your mouth on fire.

该句暂无译文!

3 .But the spicy compound has a soothing effect too: in your gut, it kicks off a chemical cascade that might calm the immune system and reduce inflammation.

该句暂无译文!

4 .Researchers studied that phenomenon in mice.

该句暂无译文!

5 .Once inside the gut, the capsaicin molecules plugged into a specific receptor, spurring the release of another compound, called anandamide.

该句暂无译文!

6 .Anandamide happens to be an endocannabinoid-similar to active ingredients in marijuana-which binds to cannabinoid receptors in the gut.

该句暂无译文!

7 .That last step in the cascade ramped up the production of cells that damp down inflammation in the mice-and even cured them of a mouse model of diabetes type 1, an autoimmune disease.

该句暂无译文!

8 .If all this sounds a bit similar to the chemical messaging that happens in the brain... that's because it is.

该句暂无译文!

9 ."The gut has a very large nervous system.

该句暂无译文!

10 .It's almost as large as the brain itself.

该句暂无译文!

11 .Pramod Srivastava, an immunologist at UConn Health and one of the study's leaders.

该句暂无译文!

12 ."We don't quite fully understand what this huge amount of neurons are doing in the gut.

该句暂无译文!

13 .We don't understand its language, and the molecules and mediators.

该句暂无译文!

14 .And I think with this work we can at least claim to have found a couple of words in that language."

该句暂无译文!

15 .The study is in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

该句暂无译文!

16 .So to recap that chemical chain: chilies cause the production of endocannabinoids, which produce immune suppressant cells, which soothe inflammation.

该句暂无译文!

17 .So, what if you cut out the chili initiator, and just eat cannabinoids-pot brownies, stuff like that?

该句暂无译文!

18 ."Obviously we are very interested in people who use edible cannabinoids.

该句暂无译文!

19 .I'm extremely curious if people with colitis or Crohn's disease, who are edible pot users, do they benefit from it?

该句暂无译文!

20 .I have no idea.

该句暂无译文!

21 .But it's something we can now find out because sizable numbers of people are consuming those edibles."

该句暂无译文!

22 .Thanks for listening, for Scientific American 60-Second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

该句暂无译文!