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第1段

1 .<-NARRATOR:-> Now listen to a part of a talk in an economics class.

现在,请听某经济课上的部分讲话内容。

第2段

1 .<-FEMALE PROFESSOR:-> So, let's talk about money.

所以,下面让我们来说一说货币。

2 .What is money?

什么是货币?

3 .Well, typically people think of coins and paper "bills" as money ...but that's using a somewhat narrow definition of the term.

呃,通常情况下,人们会想到硬币,以及纸币。但是,这里用的是货币的狭义定义。

4 .A broad definition is this:[slowly] money is anything that people can use to make purchases with.

广义上的定义是:货币是任何人们可以用来购买其他物品的物品。

5 .Since many things can be used to make purchases, money can have many different forms.

由于很多东西都可以用来购买东西,所以货币可以有很多不同的形式。

6 .Certainly, coins and bills are one form of money.

可以确信的一点是,硬币和纸币都是货币的一种形式。

7 .People exchange goods and services for coins or paper bills, and they use this money, these bills ...to obtain other goods and services.

人们通过交换物品或者服务来获取硬币或者纸币,然后他们又用这些货币,这些纸币去换取别的物品以及服务。

8 .For example, you might give a taxi driver five dollars to purchase a ride in his taxi.

举个例子,你付给的士司机5美元,用以购买坐他车行驶的一段路程。

9 .And he in turn gives the five dollars to a farmer to buy some vegetables.

然后,他把这五美元付给了某位农民,用以购买一些蔬菜。

10 .But, as I said, coins and bills aren't the only form of money under this broad definition.

但是就像我之前提到过的那样,硬币和纸币只是在广义定义下,货币的一种形式。

11 .Some societies make use of a barter system.

在一些社会体系中,人们使用的是物物交换制。

12 .Basically, in a barter system people exchange goods and services directly for other goods and services.

基本上,在物物交换体系中,人们直接用物品或者服务来换取其他的物品或者服务。

13 .The taxi driver, for example, might give a ride to a farmer in exchange for some vegetables.

举个例子,的士司机给捎农民一程,用以交换一些蔬菜。

14 .Since the vegetables are used to pay for a service, by our broad definition the vegetables are used in barter as a form of money.

因为蔬菜在这里是用以支付乘车服务的,所以在广义下,蔬菜是物物交换系统里一种形式的货币。

15 .Now, as I mentioned, there's also a second ... a narrower definition of money.

现在,就如我之前提到的第二种,货币的更为狭义的定义。

16 .In the United States only coins and bills are legal tender—meaning that by law, a seller must accept them as payment.

在美国,只有硬币和纸币才是合法的货币。意思是,在法律规定下,卖方必须接受通过它们完成支付行为。

17 .The taxi driver must accept coins or bills as payment for a taxi ride.

出租车司机必须接受用硬币或者纸币来支付打的的费用,

18 .OK?

对吧?

19 .But in the U.S., the taxi driver is not required to accept vegetables in exchange for a ride.

但是在美国并没有要求出租车司机接受用蔬菜交换行程的支付方式。

20 .So a narrower definition of money might be whatever is legal tender in a society, whatever has to be accepted as payment.

所以,货币的狭义定义是指,在社会中,只要是合法的,能被接受的物品都能称之为货币。